Introduction: Immunotherapies for multiple sclerosis (MS) significantly decrease the risk of new relapses. However, the chronic compartmentalized inflammation and neurodegeneration that define progressive MS are not prevented by these therapies and so significant damage to the brain and spinal cord and resulting disability ensues. Hence, the possibility of combining current immunotherapies with neuroprotective, remyelinating or regenerative therapies should be pursued.
Areas covered: This article sheds light on neuroprotective, remyelination and neurorepair strategies for MS, the numerous mechanisms for therapeutic targeting and the new candidates for combination therapies. We searched PubMed for articles with the terms, ‘neuroprotection’, remyelination’ or ‘regeneration’ and ‘therapies’ or ‘drugs’ and ‘Multiple Sclerosis’.
Expert opinion: An enriched understanding of the neurobiology and molecular changes that are activated by inflammatory CNS damage will provide new opportunities for the identification of neuroprotective, remyelinating and regenerative therapies. Success will depend on the improvement of CNS drug delivery, the identification of new predictive biomarkers, the optimization of clinical trials by assessment of the damage to the visual pathway and the testing of novel therapies in acute optic neuritis.
Date publication: April 29, 2020
Villoslada P, Steinman L. New Targets and Therapeutics for Neuroprotection, Remyelination and Repair in Multiple Sclerosis. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2020 Apr 29;1-17.